Not Magdalene’s Ossuary

Here I am in a hotel outside Disney World where daughter Rhea just had her fourth birthday today.  I found this Magdalene ossuary update in my inbox.  — Katia

Associated Press, March 13, 2007

JERUSALEM – A prominent scholar looking into the factual basis of a popular
but widely criticized documentary film that claims to have located the tomb
of Jesus said Tuesday that a crucial piece of evidence filmmakers used to
support their claim is a mistake.

Stephen Pfann, a textual scholar and paleographer at the University of the
Holy Land in Jerusalem, said he has released a paper claiming the makers of
“The Lost Tomb of Jesus” were mistaken when they identified an ancient
ossuary from the cave as belonging to the New Testament’s Mary Magdalene:

Produced by Oscar-winning director James Cameron and directed by Simcha
Jacobovici, the documentary has drawn intense media coverage for its claims
challenging accepted Christian dogma.

Despite widespread ridicule from scholars, it drew more than 4 million
viewers when it aired on the Discovery Channel on March 4. A companion book,
“The Jesus Family Tomb,” has rocketed to sixth place on the New York Times
nonfiction best-seller list.

The film and book suggest that a first-century ossuary found in a south
Jerusalem cave in 1980 contained the remains of Jesus, contradicting the
Christian belief that he was resurrected and ascended to heaven. Ossuaries
are stone boxes used at the time to store the bones of the dead.

The filmmakers also suggest that Mary Magdalene was buried in the tomb, that
she and Jesus were married, and that an ossuary labeled “Judah son of Jesus”
belonged to their son.

The scholars who analyzed the Greek inscription on one of the ossuaries
after its discovery read it as “Mariamene e Mara,” meaning “Mary the
teacher” or “Mary the master.”

Before the movie was screened, Jacobovici said that particular inscription
provided crucial support for his claim. The name Mariamene is rare, and in
some early Christian texts it is believed to refer to Mary Magdalene.

But having analyzed the inscription, Pfann, who made a brief appearance in
the film as an ossuary expert, published a detailed article on his
university’s Web site asserting that it doesn’t read “Mariamene” at all.

The inscription, Pfann said, is made up of two names inscribed by two
different hands: the first, “Mariame,” was inscribed in a formal Greek
script, and later, when the bones of another woman were added to the box,
another scribe using a different cursive script added the words “kai Mara,”
meaning “and Mara.” Mara is a different form of the name Martha.

According to Pfann’s reading, the ossuary did not house the bones of “Mary
the teacher,” but rather of two women, “Mary and Martha.”

“In view of the above, there is no longer any reason to be tempted to link
this ossuary…to Mary Magdalene or any other person in Biblical,
non-Biblical or church tradition,” Pfann wrote.

In the interest of telling a good story, Pfann said, the documentary engaged
in some “fudging” of the facts.

“James Cameron is a great guru of science fiction, and he’s taking it to a
new level with Simcha Jacobovici. You take a little bit of science, spin a
good yarn out of it and you get another Terminator or Life of Brian,” Pfann

In Israel Tuesday for a screening of the film, the Toronto-based Jacobovici
welcomed Pfann’s criticism, saying “every inscription should be

But Jacobovici said scholars who researched the ossuary in the past agreed
with the film’s reading. “Anyone who looks at it can see that the script was
written by the same hand,” Jacobovici said.

Jacobovici has faced criticism much tougher than Pfann’s academic critique. The film has been termed “archeo-porn,” and Jacobovici has been accused of “pimping the Bible.”

Jacobovici attributes most of the criticism to scholars’ discomfort with journalists “casting light into their ossuary monopoly.”

“What we’re doing is democratizing this knowledge, and this is driving some people crazy,” Jacobovici said.


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Katia is a consecrated independent sacramental bishop. She directs the online Esoteric Mystery School and Interfaith Theological Seminary. Check it out at

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