Ekklesia Epignostika

Our Lines of Apostolic Succession

“Have you an Apostolic Succession? Unfold the line of your Bishops.”
~ Tertullian, 3rd Century

“If Catholic doctrine is true, every priest validly ordained derives his orders in an unbroken
line of laying of hands, through the bishop who ordains him, back to the twelve Apostles.”
~ Anthony Kenny, A Path From Rome, 1985

Apostolic Succession is the transmission of the spiritual gifts entrusted by Jesus the Christ to his original students (later called apostles) by the laying on of hands. These spiritual gifts have since been passed on throughout history by the act of consecration, the direct laying-on-of-hands, in an unbroken line from the apostles to their successors, bishop to bishop down to the present day. Bishops are said to hold the "fullness" of these gifts. They share their commission in the name of the Christ with priests in their charge for the purpose of serving the community of the faithful and making the sacraments more readily available to the people of GOD Most High. These spiritual gifts insure and preserve the sacred life of the various branches of the One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic Church's sacramental nature. The word Catholic means "universal" and is an adjective meaning our church is universal. The use of the word "catholic" in the phrase One Holy Catholic Apostolic Church, does not refer to the Roman Catholic Church, but to the one larger "church" that is universal and apostolic.

We have undisputed lines of succession among our lines, so the Vatican cannot deny the validity of our Apostolic Succession, although of course Rome does not recognize our church nor the many other churches that have broken off from them over the centuries. Some ancient churches including some listed below, were never even joined to the Roman Catholic Church in the first place. Rome broke away from the rest of ancient Christianity with "the Great Schism" when it declared itself "primo" by naming the Bishop of Rome "the Pope" and declared him the only Vicar of Christ. Many devout Christian Bishops also Catholic in the sense of "universal" at the time whose Apostolic lineages were older than Rome's, such as Antioch, Jerusalem and Constantinople (the birthplace and cradle of Christianity) did not recognize the Bishop of Rome as the supreme head of Christianity. They never will. Those churches had their own lines of succession that didn't go thru the Roman Popes at all.

* * * * * * * *

Below is a statement from the Vatican regarding their relationship to other Churches like ours that have Apostolic Succession.

17. Therefore, there exists a single Church of Christ, which subsists
in the Catholic Church, governed by the Successor of Peter and by the
Bishops in communion with him.58 The Churches which, while not
existing in perfect communion with the Catholic Church, remain united
to her by means of the closest bonds, that is, by apostolic succession
and a valid Eucharist, are true particular Churches.59 Therefore, the
Church of Christ is present and operative also in these Churches, even
though they lack full communion with the Catholic Church, since they
do not accept the Catholic doctrine of the Primacy, which, according
to the will of God, the Bishop of Rome objectively has and exercises
over the entire Church.60

* * * * * * * *

During and after the Second World War, one of our successor-bishops, Mar Georgius I (Hugh George de Willmott Newman who connects to us thru Maxey to Wadle to Spruit in the lines below), Patriarch of Glastonbury and Catholicos of the West began unifying the various strands of Old Catholics and independent Catholics. By 1956, through sub conditione consecrations, he had accumulated all sixteen lines of Apostolic succession known to exist:

Syrian-Antiochene
Syrian-Malabar
Syrian-Gallican
Syro-Chaldean
Chaldean-Uniate
Coptic Orthodox
Armenian-Uniate
Order of Corporate Reunion
Old Catholic (Roman Succession is contained within)
Mariavite
Nonjuring Bishops of Scotland
Anglican
Russian Orthodox
Russo-Syrian Orthodox
Greek-Melkite
Liberal Catholic


Sub Conditione consecration is a procedure in which two already consecrated bishops consecrate each other, thereby sharing their apostolic lines. In that way, each of their churches recognizes without question the apostolic succession of the other. This has been used, for example, to remove doubts about the validity of Anglican and Episcopalian successions by adding the universally recognized Old Catholic line.

Valid Holy Orders
The Holy Orders and Apostolic Succession of the Old Catholic Church, Archiepiscopal See of Utrecht, have always been and still are recognized by Rome as "valid." There is no question as to their validity. The Holy Orders of our church are derived directly from this source and carry the very same validity. We have carefully maintained and documented our Apostolic Succession.

In addition to Roman and Old Catholic lines of apostolic succession listed below, we also inherit the lines of the:

  • Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria
  • Syrian Jacobite Patriarchate of Antioch
  • Greek Melkite Patriarchate of Antioch (now in Damascus, Syria)
  • Chaldean Patriarchate of Babylon at Baghdad
  • Catholicate-Patriarchate of Assyria
  • Armenian Catholicate-Patriarchate of Cilicia
  • Metropolitan-Archbishops of Albania
  • Russian Orthodox Patriarchate of Moscow
  • Old Greek Melkite (Byzantine)
  • Syrian-Malabar (Malabar means India)

 

 

The Roman ~ Old Catholic Succession (See of Utrecht)

Archbishop Christian-Thomas Umberger and Bishop Sophia-Katarina (Katia Romanoff)tia Romanoff)1 St. Peter (32-67)
2 St. Linus (67-76)
3 St. Anacletus (Cletus) (76-88)
4 St. Clement I (88-97)
5 St. Evaristus (97-105)
6 St. Alexander I (105-115)
7 St. Sixtus I (115-125) -- also called Xystus I
8 St. Telesphorus (125-136)
9 St. Hyginus (136-140)
10 St. Pius I (140-155)
11 St. Anicetus (155-166)
12 St. Soter (166-175)
13 St. Eleutherius (175-189)
14 St. Victor I (189-199)
15 St. Zephyrinus (199-217)
16 St. Callistus I (217-22)
17 St. Urban I (222-30)
18 St. Pontain (230-35)
19 St. Anterus (235-36)
20 St. Fabian (236-50)
21 St. Cornelius (251-53)
22 St. Lucius I (253-54)
23 St. Stephen I (254-257)
24 St. Sixtus II (257-258)
25 St. Dionysius (260-268)
26 St. Felix I (269-274)
27 St. Eutychian (275-283)
28 St. Caius (283-296) -- also called Gaius
29 St. Marcellinus (296-304)
30 St. Marcellus I (308-309)
31 St. Eusebius (309 or 310)
32 St. Miltiades (311-14)
33 St. Sylvester I (314-35)
34 St. Marcus (336)
35 St. Julius I (337-52)
36 Liberius (352-66)
37 St. Damasus I (366-83)
38 St. Siricius (384-99)
39 St. Anastasius I (399-401)
40 St. Innocent I (401-17)
41 St. Zosimus (417-18)
42 St. Boniface I (418-22)
43 St. Celestine I (422-32)
44 St. Sixtus III (432-40)
45 St. Leo I (the Great) (440-61)
46 St. Hilarius (461-68)
47 St. Simplicius (468-83)
48 St. Felix III (II) (483-92)
49 St. Gelasius I (492-96)
50 Anastasius II (496-98)
51 St. Symmachus (498-514)
52 St. Hormisdas (514-23)
53 St. John I (523-26)
54 St. Felix IV (III) (526-30)
55 Boniface II (530-32)
56 John II (533-35)
57 St. Agapetus I (535-36) -- also called Agapitus I
58 St. Silverius (536-37)
59 Vigilius (537-55)
60 Pelagius I (556-61)
61 John III (561-74)
62 Benedict I (575-79)
63 Pelagius II (579-90)
64 St. Gregory I (the Great) (590-604)
65 Sabinian (604-606)
66 Boniface III (607)
67 St. Boniface IV (608-15)
68 St. Deusdedit (Adeodatus I) (615-18)
69 Boniface V (619-25)
70 Honorius I (625-38)
71 Severinus (640)
72 John IV (640-42)
73 Theodore I (642-49)
74 St. Martin I (649-55)
75 St. Eugene I (655-57)
76 St. Vitalian (657-72)
77 Adeodatus (II) (672-76)
78 Donus (676-78)
79 St. Agatho (678-81)
80 St. Leo II (682-83)
81 St. Benedict II (684-85)
82 John V (685-86)
83 Conon (686-87)
84 St. Sergius I (687-701)
85 John VI (701-05)
86 John VII (705-07)
87 Sisinnius (708)
88 Constantine (708-15)
89 St. Gregory II (715-31)
90 St. Gregory III (731-41)
91 St. Zachary (741-52)
92 Stephen III (752-57)
93 St. Paul I (757-67)
94 Stephen IV (767-72)
95 Adrian I (772-95)
96 St. Leo III (795-816)
97 Stephen V (816-17)
98 St. Paschal I (817-24)
99 Eugene II (824-27)
100 Valentine (827)
101 Gregory IV (827-44)
102 Sergius II (844-47)
103 St. Leo IV (847-55)
104 Benedict III (855-58)
105 St. Nicholas I (the Great) (858-67)
106 Adrian II (867-72)
107 John VIII (872-82)
108 Marinus I (882-84)
109 St. Adrian III (884-85)
110 Stephen VI (885-91)
111 Formosus (891-96)
112 Boniface VI (896)
113 Stephen VII (896-97)
114 Romanus (897)
115 Theodore II (897)
116 John IX (898-900)
117 Benedict IV (900-03)
118 Leo V (903)
119 Sergius III (904-11)
120 Anastasius III (911-13)
121 Lando (913-14)
122 John X (914-28)
123 Leo VI (928)
124 Stephen VIII (929-31)
125 John XI (931-35)
126 Leo VII (936-39)
127 Stephen IX (939-42)
128 Marinus II (942-46)
129 Agapetus II (946-55)
130 John XII (955-63)
131 Leo VIII (963-64)
132 Benedict V (964)
133 John XIII (965-72)
134 Benedict VI (973-74)
135 Benedict VII (974-83)
136 John XIV (983-84)
137 John XV (985-96)
138 Gregory V (996-99)
139 Sylvester II (999-1003)
140 John XVII (1003)
141 John XVIII (1003-09)
142 Sergius IV (1009-12)
143 Benedict VIII (1012-24)
144 John XIX (1024-32)
145 Benedict IX (1032-45)
146 Sylvester III (1045)
147 Benedict IX (1045)
148 Gregory VI (1045-46)
149 Clement II (1046-47)
150 Benedict IX (1047-48)
151 Damasus II (1048)
152 St. Leo IX (1049-54)
153 Victor II (1055-57)
154 Stephen X (1057-58)
155 Nicholas II (1058-61)
156 Alexander II (1061-73)
157 St. Gregory VII (1073-85)
158 Blessed Victor III (1086-87)
159 Blessed Urban II (1088-99)
160 Paschal II (1099-1118)
161 Gelasius II (1118-19)
162 Callistus II (1119-24)
163 Honorius II (1124-30)
164 Innocent II (1130-43)
165 Celestine II (1143-44)
166 Lucius II (1144-45)
167 Blessed Eugene III (1145-53)
168 Anastasius IV (1153-54)
169 Adrian IV (1154-59)
170 Alexander III (1159-81)
171 Lucius III (1181-85)
172 Urban III (1185-87)
173 Gregory VIII (1187)
174 Clement III (1187-91)
175 Celestine III (1191-98)
176 Innocent III (1198-1216)
177 Honorius III (1216-27)
178 Gregory IX (1227-41)
179 Celestine IV (1241)
180 Innocent IV (1243-54)
181 Alexander IV (1254-61)
182 Urban IV (1261-64)
183 Clement IV (1265-68)
184 Blessed Gregory X (1271-76)
185 Blessed Innocent V (1276)
186 Adrian V (1276)
187 John XXI (1276-77)
188 Nicholas III (1277-80)
189 Martin IV (1281-85)
190 Honorius IV (1285-87)
191 Nicholas IV (1288-92)
192 St. Celestine V (1294)
193 Boniface VIII (1294-1303)
194 Blessed Benedict XI (1303-04)
195 Clement V (1305-14)
196 John XXII (1316-34)
197 Benedict XII (1334-42)
198 Clement VI (1342-52)
199 Innocent VI (1352-62)
200 Blessed Urban V (1362-70)
201 Gregory XI (1370-78)
202 Urban VI (1378-89)
203 Boniface IX (1389-1404)
204 Innocent VII (1404-06)
205 Gregory XII (1406-15)
206 Martin V (1417-31)
207 Eugene IV (1431-47)
208 Nicholas V (1447-55)
209 Callistus III (1455-58)
210 Pius II (1458-64)
211 Paul II (1464-71)
212 Sixtus IV (1471-84)
213 Innocent VIII (1484-92)
214 Alexander VI (1492-1503)
215 Pius III (1503)
216 Julius II (1503-13)
217 Leo X (1513-21)
218 Adrian VI (1522-23)
219 Clement VII (1523-34)
220 Paul III (1534-49)
221 Julius III (1550-55)
222 Marcellus II (1555)
223 Paul IV (1555-59)
224 Pius IV (1559-65)
225 St. Pius V (1566-72)
226 Gregory XIII (1572-85)
227 Sixtus V (1585-90)
228 Urban VII (1590)
229 Gregory XIV (1590-91)
230 Innocent IX (1591)
231 Clement VIII (1592-1605)
232 Leo XI (1605)
233 Paul V (1605-21)
234 Gregory XV (1621-23)
235 Urban VIII (1623-44)
236 Innocent X (1644-55)
237 Alexander VII (1655-67)

Old Succession
(from the Roman Succession to Holland, France, England and the United States)

In 1655, Antonio Barberini, nephew of Urban VIII, was consecrated to the Episcopate under authority of the Bishop of Rome, by Bishops Scanarello, Bottini and Govotti. He was Archbishop of Remes 1657 until his death in 1671, and was made a Cardinal. It is from Bishop Barberini that the Roman lineage from Peter branches off from the Bishops of Rome.

Cardinal Antonio Barberini and the Lost Book of Nostradamus
The Lost Book of Nostradamus was a bound collection of misc sayings and watercolor drawings. The illustrations were perhaps painted by Nostradamus’ son by his second wife, Caesare, while Caesare was still a child. Caesare became a skilled painter as an adult, so probably had artistic talent as a child. The bound manuscript of cryptic images and sayings was given to Cardinal Barberini, one of the pivotal bishops in our lineage.
The Lost Book of Nostradamus” aired on History Channel with the description, “Italian journalist Enza Massa stumbles across a mysterious manuscript.”
Here is the documentary's conclusion:
Narrator: The Last page of the manuscript states that it is given to a Cardinal Barberini in 1629 at his own request. The cardinal is the nephew of the Pope at that time, and is in charge of the Vatican Library.
Expert: “Because it was such an amazing and important find, it immediately was consumed by the church.  In other words, Cardinal Barberini saw it was very very important and wanted it put under wraps, wanted it hidden away.”
Narrator: The laboratory in Rome will ultimately dive deeper into the book’s origin and shed new light on its veracity. But as to its purpose, some see a dark intent indeed. In fact, They believe it foretells the coming of the ultimate evil, for if the lost book is a testament to trial and tribulation describing martyrs, terrorists and Armageddon-like religious wars, there is yet one figure most feared in all prophetic writing in any age…  (the implied reference is to the Anti-christ)

238 Antonio Barberini, (the younger), Roman Catholic Bishop of Frascati, 1655, who on 11 November, 1668, consecrated:

239 Charles-Maurice Le Tellier, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Reims, confessor to King Louis XIV of France, and a Jesuit Provincal, who on 21 September, 1670, by order of Pope Clement X consecrated his bosom friend fifteen years his senior:

240 Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, famed orator "the Eagle of Meaux", tutor to the Grand Dauphin, was consecrated Bishop of Condom 21 September 1670 at Pontoise, Church of the Cordeliers, by Charles Maurice Le Tellier, Titular Archbishop of Nazianzus and Coadjutor Archbishop of Reims, assisted by Armand de Monchy d`Hocquincourt, Bishop of Verdun, and Gabriel de Roquette, Bishop of Autun. Pope Clement X transferred him to the See of Meaux in 1671. Bossuet was a Roman Catholic predecessor of the future Old Catholic Church because he taught that the Roman Pontiff could err temporarily, but not fall into permanent error. He, in turn, with a mandate from Pope Clement X, in the church of Chartreuse, Paris, as Bishop of Meaux on 24 October, 1693, consecrated:

241 Jacques Goyon de Matigon, son of Count De Thorigny, was consecrated 16 April 1673 at Paris, Church of the Carthusians, by Jacques Bénigne Bossuet, Bishop emeritus of Condom, assisted by Gui de Sève de Rochechouart, Bishop of Arras, and Louis Marie Armand de Simiane de Gorde, Bishop of Langres. He was Doyen of Lisieux and Abbe Commendataire De St. Victor, Paris. By order of Pope Clement XI, on 18 February, 1719 in Paris, consecrated:

242 Dominicus Marie Varlet (alt spelling: Dominique-Marie Varlet), was consecrated Roman Catholic Bishop of Ascalon in partibus, and coadjutor to the Most Reverend Pidou of St. Odon, Bishop of Babylon, Persia (Baghdad) in February 1719 at Paris, in the lower chapel of the Seminary of the Missions Étrangères, by Jacques de Goyon de Matignon, Bishop emeritus of Condom, assisted by Louis François Duplessis de Mornay, O.F.M., Titular Bishop of Eumenia, (aka Bishop of Quebec) and Jean Baptiste Massillon, Bishop of Clermont. Bishop Varlet consecrated four Archbishops of the Old Catholics at Utrecht (Oud Katholicke Kerk van Nederland), three of whom died without consecrating successors. Varlet was named Coadjutor to the Roman Catholic Bishop of Babylon who died on November 20, 1717 and Bishop Varlet succeeded to the title. After a period in Persia at Schamake, he was suspended from office for alleged technical irregularities, including the conformation of 604 candidates in Holland, whom he had confirmed at the request of the Church in Amsterdam. The Dutch Church had been without a Bishop for 18 years as a punishment from Rome because the Dutch Church refused to cooperate in the persecution of the Jansenists in Holland. Following the election of Cornelius Van Steenhoven to serve as Archbishop of Utrecht, the Primatial See of Holland, Varlet agreed to perform the Consecration, which he did on October 15, 1724, thus making Van Steenhoven the seventh Archbishop of Utrecht and canonical successor to Saint Willibrod, the British missionary who had brought the faith to Holland. In this consecration was born the Old Catholic Church. In response to the appeals of the Chapter of the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht, Varlet, on 17 October, 1739 consecrated:

243 Petrus Johannes Meindaerts, was consecrated Old Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht in 1739. One of several priests ordained in Ireland by Luke Fagan, Bishop of Meath, afterwards Archbishop of Dublin, with the view of sustaining the independence of the ancient Church of the Netherlands, founded by St. Willibrod in the VII Century. By his consecration to the Episcopate, the succession of the Old Catholic Church in Holland has been perpetuated. On 11 July, 1745, Bishop Meindaerts consecrated:

244 Johannes Van Stiphout, Old Catholic Bishop of Haarlem, who on 7 February, 1768, consecrated:

245 Gualterus Michael Van Nieuwenhuizen, (alt spelling Gualtherus Michael Van Nieuwenhuisen) was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht February 7th, 1768 by Johannes Van Stiphout. The new Archbishop received letters of Communion from Germany, France, Italy and Spain who recognized that the claims to canonical jurisdiction of the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht were sound, and her doctrine orthodox. On 21 June, 1778, he consecrated:

246 Adrianus Johannes Broekman, Old Catholic Bishop of Haarlem, who on 5 July, 1797, consecrated:

247 Johannes Jacobus Van Rhijin, Old Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht, who on 7 November, 1805, consecrated:

248 Gilbert Cornelius de Jong, (alt spelling Gilbertus de Jong) was consecrated Bishop of Deventer November 7th 1805 just after the formation of the Batavian Republic by the Emperor Napoleon I. On 24 April, 1814, Bishop de Jong consecrated:

249 Willibord Van Os, (alt spelling Willibrordus van Os) Old Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht, who on 22 or 25 April, 1819, consecrated:

250 Johannes Bon, Old Catholic Bishop of Haarlem. Bishop Bon was the first Bishop of the autocephalous Dutch succession not to be excommunicated by Rome. In 1827 the King of the Netherlands to the See of Bruges nominated him without objection from Rome. On 13 November, 1824, Bishop Bon consecrated:

251 Johannes Van Santen, Old Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht, who on 17 July, 1854, consecrated:

252 Hermanus Heijkamp, (alt spelling Hermann Johannes Heykamp) was consecrated as Bishop of Deventer on July 17, 1853 (or 1854). He later became Bishop of Utrecht in 1875. On 11 August 1873, he consecrated:

253 Casparus Johannes Rinkel, Old Catholic Bishop of Haarlem. This is the first time that the formal proofs of election were read during the Mass of Consecration rather than a Papal mandate. It is also the first time that a new Bishop of the autocephalous Dutch succession did not notify Rome of his consecration. On 11 May, 1892, Bishop Rinkel consecrated:

Arnold Harris Mathew being consecrated by Archbishop Gerardus Gul 1980. Photo from a Magazine254 Gerard Gul (aka Gerardus Gul), was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht May 11th, 1892. Bishop Gul consecrated Henricus Johannes Theodorus van Vlijmen and Arnold Harris Mathew. (Note: Archbishop Gerardus Gul of Utrecht, Holland, was the first of the Old Catholic Church line of succession). On 28 April, 1908, Bishop Gul consecrated:

255 Arnold Harris Mathew, Old Catholic Bishop for Great Britain, Archbishop of London, founder of "the Mathew Line". He was consecrated Regionary Old Catholic Bishop for Great Britain April 28, 1908, at St. Gertrude's Church, Utrecht by Bishop Gerardus Gul, assisted by Bishop J. J. Van Thiel of Haarlem, Bishop N. B. P. Spit of Deventer and Bishop J. Demmel of Bonn, Germany. His consecration is pictured on the right. Mathew was elected Archbishop in 1911. Archbishop Eyre, at St. Andrew’s Roman Catholic Cathedral, had ordained him to the Priesthood Glasgow in 1877. He came from distinguished Irish parents. He was the great-grandson of Francis Mathew, First Earl of Landaff, of Thomastown Castle, Tipperary. He consecrated Prince Rudolphe Francois Eduard Hamilton de Landas-Berghes, also in our lines of succession, see below "A Different Line".
(Note: Archbishop Mathew’s archdiocese was in London, England and became autocephalous).
On 28 October, 1914, Bishop Mathew consecrated:

256 Frederick Samuel Willoughby, Bishop of St Pancras, who on 13 February, 1916, consecrated:

257 James Ingall Wedgwood, Presiding and Founding Bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church, who on 13 July, 1919, consecrated:

258 Irving Steiger Cooper, Liberal Catholic Regionary Bishop for the United States, who on 13 September, 1931, consecrated:

259 Charles H. Hampton, assisted by Bishop Lowell Paul Wadle and Bishop H. Francis Marshall, who on 22 June, 1957, consecrated:

260 Herman Adrian Spruit, Archbishop-Patriarch of the Church of Antioch - Malabar Rite, who on 23 April, 1989, consecrated:

261 Michael Daigneault, future founding Bishop of the Free Catholic Church Int'l, USA, who on 26 May, 1991 consecrated:

262 Thomas James Hickey, Free Catholic Church Int'l, USA, assisted by Bishop Michael Daigneault and Bishop Albert T. J. Heath who on 9 January, 1993 consecrated:

263 Christian Thomas B. Umberger, Free Catholic Church Int'l, Communion of the Christos and Church of Philadelphia, USA, who on 7 June, 2009 consecrated:

264 Katia Romanoff, founder Esoteric Interfaith Church and Ekklesia Epignostika, USA, who on 31 March, 2012 consecrated:

265 James L. Parris, Ekklesia Epignostika, USA

A Different Line of Old Catholic Succession

Bishop William Montgomery BrownBishop Thomas SARGENT of the Community of Catholic Churches, A co-consecrator of Thomas James HICKEY in 1991, joined the Free Catholic Church as one of its bishops. Bishop Sargent brought a different line of Old Catholic succession, one which does not pass through the Liberal Catholic (Wedgwood) succession. In addition, his line includes the Protestant Episcopal succession.

Both lines come through Bishop William Montgomery BROWN [Pictured Right]. Brown was originally consecrated in the Episcopal Church (1898) and was later consecrated sub conditione in the Old Catholic succession (1925) when he chose to transfer his allegiance. +Katia inserts: ...while awaiting the verdict of his deposing as an Episcopal bishop for heretical teachings, among which was communism and Marxism! According to Bishop Brown's obituary in 1937, he was "the first Bishop of his communion to be tried for heresy since the Reformation, and the first of any creed in America to be disposed for heretical teachings." In his later years he became quite an eccentric, but not a heretic, said Time Magazine in their 1925 article entitled The Skinning of Bishop Brown. And here's the Wikipedia article on Bishop Brown. Despite his supposedly heretical beliefs in later life, Brown was a duly consecrated Anglican/Episcopalian bishop and later an Old Catholic Bishop. These two lines entered our succession through Bishop Sargent and all those upon whom he laid hands.

SUCCESSION of Sargent

I. Protestant Anglican Episcopal

William Edward McLAREN (1875) who consecrated
William Montgomery BROWN (1898)

II. Old Catholic

Gerard GUL (1892) who consecrated
Arnold Harris MATHEW (1908) who consecrated
Rudolfe Edouard de LANDAS [alternate spelling Rudolph Edward de Landas Berghes] (1912) who consecrated
William Henry Francis BROTHERS (October 3, 1916) who consecrated sub conditione
William Montgomery BROWN (1925) who consecrated
John EMMANUEL (1929) who consecrated
Charles BREERLEY (1934) who consecrated
H. G. De WILLMOTT-NEWMAN (1945) who consecrated
Harold P. NICHOLSON (1950) who consecrated
J. M. Van ASSENDELFT-d'ATLAND (1955) who consecrated
Christopher M. STANLEY (1958) who consecrated
Michael ITKIN (1960) who consecrated
Marlin BALLARD (1965) who consecrated
Thomas SARGENT (1976) who co-consecrated
Thomas J. HICKEY (1991) who consecrated
Christian UMBERGER (1993) who consecrated
Katia ROMANOFF (2009)

Another Short Additional Line, or rather Loop
...
this time thru Rudolfe LANDAS in Section II just above and looping back to our line via Adrian SPRUIT (photo and bio sketch below on this page)

Prince Rudolphe Francois Edouard Hamilton, Grand Duke of Lorraine-Brabant, Prince de LANDAS-BERGHES et de Roche and Duke de St. Winnock, Archbishop of the Old Roman Catholic Church, on October 3,1916, consecrated William Henry Francis Brothers, who, with co-consecrator Henry Carmel Carfora on August 25, 1935 consecrated Albert Dunstan Bell.

Albert Dunstan BELL was consecrated on August 25, 1935 and consecrated Edgar Ramon Verostek.

Edgar Ramon VEROSTEK was consecrated on March 9, 1940 and with Kleefisch (see Russian Orthodox lines) consecrated Charles H. Hampton.

Charles H. HAMPTON was consecrated on September 13th 1931. Assisted by Bishop Lowell Paul Wadle and Bishop H. Francis Marshall, consecrated:

Herman Adrian SPRUIT on June 22, 1957.

 


The Antiochian - Jacobite Succession

1 Peter, 38 A.D.;
2 Evodus 40 A.D.;
3 Ignatius I, 43;
4 Aaron,123;
5 Cornelius,123;
6 Eodos,142;
7 Theophulus,157;
8 Maximinus,171;
9 Seraphim,179;
10 Astlediaes,189;
11 Philip, 201;
12 Sebinus {Zebinus},219 A.D.;
13 Babylos, 237;
14 Fabius, 250;
15 Demetrius, 251;
16 Paul 1, 259;
17 Domnus 1, 270;
18 Timotheus,281;
19 Cyrilus,281;
20 Tyrantus, 296;
21 Vitalius, 301;
22 Philognius, 318;
23 Eustachius, 323;
24 Paulinius, 338;
25 Philabianus, 383;
26 Evagrius, 386;
27 Phosohorius, 416;
28 Alexander, 418;
29 John 1, 428;
30 Theodotus, 431;
31 Domnus II, 442;
32 Maximus, 450;
33 Accacius, 454;
34 Martyrius, 457;
35 Peter II, 464;
36 Philadius, 500;
37 Serverius, 509;
38 Segius, 544;
39 Domnus III, 547;
40 Anastasius, 560;
41 Gregory I, 564;
42 Paul II, 567;
43 Patra, 571;
44 Domnus IV, 586;
45 Julianus, 591;
46 Athanasius I, 595;
47 John II, 636;
48 Theodorus I, 649;
49 Severus, 668;
50 Athanasius II, 684;
51 Julianus II, 687;
52 Elias I, 709;
53 Athanasius lII 724;
54 Evanius I, 740;
55 Gervasius I, 759;
56 Joseph, 790;
57 Cyriacus, 793;
58 Dionysius I, 818;
59 John III, 847;
60 Ignatius II, 877;
61 Theodosius, 887;
62 Dionysius II 897;
63 John IV, 910 A.D.;
64 Basilus I, 922 A.D.;
65 John V, 936;
66 Evanius II, 954;
67 Dionysius lII, 958;
68 Abraham I, 962;
69 John Vl, 965 A.D.;
70 Athanasius IV, 987;
71 John VII, 1004 A.D.;
72 Dionysius IV, 1032 A.D.;
73 Theodorus II, 1042;
74 Athanasius V, 1058;
75 John VIII, 1064 A.D.;
76 Basilius II, 1074 A.D.;
77 Abdoone, 1076 A.D.;
78 Dionysius V, 1077;
79 Evanius III, 1080;
80 Dionysius VI, 1088;
81 Athanasius VI, 1091;
82 John IX, 1131;
83 Athanasius VII, 1139;
84 Michael I, 1167;
85 Athanasius VIII, 1200;
86 Michael II, 1207;
87 John X, 1208;
88 Ignatius III, 1223 A.D.;
89 Dionysius VII, 1253;
90 John XI, 1253;
91 Ignatius IV, 1264;
92 Philanus, 1283 A.D.;
93 Ignatius Baruhid, 1293;
94 Ignatius Ismael, 1333;
95 Ignatius Basilius III, 1366;
96 Ignatius Abraham II, 1382;
97 Ignatius Bacalius IV, 1412;
98 Ignatius Behanam I, 1415;
99 Ignatius Kalejih, 1455;
100 Ignatius John XII, 1483;
101 Ignatius Noah, 1492;
102 Ignatius Jesus I, 1509;
103 Ignatius Jacob I, 1510;
104 Ignatius David I, 1519;
105 Ignatius Abdullah I, 1520;
106 Ignatius Naamathalak, 1557;
107 Ignatius David II, 1577;
108 Ignatius Philathus, 1591;
109 Ignatius Abdullah II, 1597;
110 Ignatius Cadhai, 1598;
111 Ignatius Simeon, 1640;
112 Ignatius Jesus II, 1661;
113 Ignatius Messiah, 1661;
114 Ignatius Cabeeb, 1686;
115 Ignatius Gervasius II, 1687;
116 Ignatius Isaac, 1708;
117 Ignatius Siccarablak, 1722;
118 Ignatius Gervasius lII, 1746;
119 Ignatius Gervasius IV, 1768;
120 Ignatius Mathias, 1781;
121 Ignatius Behanam, 1810;
122 Ignatius Jonas, 1817;
123 Ignatius Gervasius V, 1818;
124 Ignatius Elias II, 1839;
125 Ignatius Jacob II, 1847;

126 Mar Ignatius Peter III, 1872. "Peter the Humble"

127 Paulose Mar Athanasius (Kadavil Kooran) was consecrated on December 4, 1907 by Mar Ignatius Peter III as Syrian Antioch Bishop of Kottayam and Metropolitan of Malabar (India).

128 Mar Julius I (Antonio Francis Xavier Alvares) was consecrated July 28, 1889, by Paulose Mar Athanasius, under authority of Patriarch Ignatius Peter III to be Archbishop of the Latin Rite Independent Catholic Church of Ceylon, Goa and India.

129 Joseph Rene Vilatte was consecrated on May 29, 1892 in Columba, Ceylon at Our Lady of Good Death Cathedral by Mar Julius I, under authority of a Bull of Mar Ignatius Peter III, to serve as Archbishop of North America.

130 Frederick E. Lloyd, American Catholic Church, USA, was consecrated in 1915

131 Samuel Gregory Lines, American Catholic Church, USA, was consecrated in 1923

132 Justin Boyle aka Archbishop Robert Raleigh, American Catholic Church, USA, was consecrated in 1927

133 Lowell Paul Wadle, American Catholic Church, USA, was consecrated in 1940

134 Herman Adrian Spruit, Church of Antioch - Malabar Rite, USA, was consecrated in 1957

135 Michael Daigneault, future founding Bishop of the Free Catholic Church Int'l, USA, was consecrated in 1989

136 Thomas James Hickey, Free Catholic Church Int'l, USA, was consecrated in 1991

137 Christian Thomas Umberger, Free Catholic Church Int'l, USA, future founding Bishop of Church of Philadelphia, USA, was consecrated in 1993

138 Katia Romanoff, founder Esoteric Interfaith Church & Ekklesia Epignostika, USA, was consecrated in 2009

Herman SpruitBishop Herman Adrian Spruit's History:

Bringing the Lines of Apostolic Succession Together

In 1944-45 a series of Codicils and Concordats led to the formation of the Federation of Independent Catholic and Orthodox Bishops. The first of these united the major lines of Archbishop Lowell Paul Wadle (American Catholic Church, +Rene Vilatte succession), Patriarch Anthony Aneed (Byzantine Catholic Church, Greek Melchite succession) and Bishop Edgar Ramon Verostek (Bishop Commissary for the American Old Roman Catholic Church).

The Old Catholic lineage is derived from those Roman bishops who declined to approve the decree by the Roman pontiff declaring himself infallible (Council of Utrecht - 1870).

In 1945 the first codicil to the American Concordat was made adding the lines of Bishop Charles Hampton (Regionary Bishop, Liberal Catholic Church, USA) and Archbishop Henry Joseph Kleefisch, (Byzantine Universal Orthodox Church) who held the Primacy of the Russian Orthodox Church. (Agreements among these strands insured untainted lines of primacy for any future consecrations of bishops.)

In 1957 Herman Adrian Spruit [Pictured Right] was consecrated a bishop for the first Church Universal by Bishops Charles Hampton, Archbishop Lowell Paul Wadle and Bishop H. Francis Marshall. Upon the death of Archbishop Kleefisch, in 1955, his primacy was bequeathed to Archbishop-Patriarch Anthony Aneed.

Archbishop Herman Spruit became the President of the Federation of Independent Catholic and Orthodox Bishops.

On June 27, 1965 Archbishop Robert Raleigh (Boyle) and Archbishop Herman Spruit imposed hands on one other in a specific sub-conditione ceremony for the purpose of uniting their respective jurisdictions. Archbishop Robert Raleigh retired in 1965 shortly after naming Archbishop Herman A. Spruit his successor.

Upon the death of Patriarch Anthony Aneed in 1970, the primacy of the Byzantine Orthodox Catholic Church also passed to Archbishop Herman A. Spruit. Within this jurisdiction were two major primacies: +Aneed's which included the Greek Melchite lineage and +Kleefisch, which included the primacy of the Russian Orthodox Church. Since Patriarch Aneed was enthroned Patriarch in 1946 the title of Patriarch then passed to +Spruit by the last will and testament of +Anthony Aneed.

 

OTHER APOSTOLIC LINEAGES WE INHERIT via Herman A. Spruit (Partial Detail)

3. Armenian Uniate: Chorchurian - Chechamian - Crow - Newman - Maxey - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

4. Syro-Chaldean: St. Thomas - Shimun XVIII - Antony - Bartlett - Newman - Maxey - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

5. Anglican, Celtic origin: Moore - White - Hopkins - Chechemian - Crow - Newman - Maxey - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

6. American Greek Melchite: Cyril VI - Savoya - Aneed - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff [Note: Spruit was appointed Patriarch of the Byzantine Orthodox Catholic Church by Bishop Aneed, whom he succeded in that position.]

7. Orthodox Patriarchate: (Constantinople) - Sergius - Kleefish - Aneed - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

8. Russian Orthodox: Nikon - Makarius - Ortinsky - Kleefish - Aneed - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

9. Non Juring Bishops of Scotland: Montaigne - Seabury - Richardson - Newman - Maxey - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

10. Syrian-Malabar: Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh aka Boyle - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

11. Syrian-Gallican: Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh aka Boyle - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

12. Coptic: Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

13. Coptic Uniate: Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

14. Anglican, Non-Celtic: Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

15. Irish: Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

16. Welsh: Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

17. Mariavite: Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

18. Old Greek Melchite (Byzantine): Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

19. Old Armenian: Alvares - Vilatte - Miraglia - Lloyd - Lines - Raleigh - Wadle - Spruit - Daigneault - Hickey - Umberger - Romanoff

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